See you later.
See you tomorrow.
Genki desu ka.
How are you?
Notes: There is a rule for writing hiragana “wa （わ）” and “ha （は）.” When “wa” is used as a particle, it is written in hiragana as “ha.” “Konnichiwa” or “Konbanwa” are now fixed greetings. However, in the old days it was a part of sentence such as “Today is ~ (Konnichi wa ~)” or “Tonight is ~ (Konban wa ~)” and “wa” functioned as a particle. That’s why it is still written in hiragana as “ha.”
The form “gozaimasu（ございます）” is more polite. It is added when you are talking with somebody who is not a family members or a close friend. To reply, “Arigatou gozaimasu（ありがとうございます）” or “Arigatou（ありがとう）” is used.
O-tanjoubi omedetou gozaimasu.
Go-kekkon omedetou gozaimasu.
Congratulations on your wedding.
The honorific “o（お）” or “go（ご）” can be attached to the front of some nouns as a formal way of saying “your”. It is very polite.
To somebody who is sick
Guai wa ikaga desu ka.
How are you feeling?
How is your condition?)
Kaze wa dou desu ka.
How is your cold?
Thanks to your help,
I have gotten better.
“Okagesama de（おかげさまで）” can be used whenever you announce good news in answer to someone’s concerned inquiry.
Please take care of yourself.
To reply “Odaiji ni（お大事に）”, “Arigatou gozaimasu（ありがとうございます）” is used.
Seeing someone after a long absence
Gobusata shite imasu.
I haven’t seen you in a long time.
Long time no see.
There is a Japanese song titled “Ohisashiburi ne（お久しぶりね）”. “Ne（ね）” is a sentence particle. Ne is used to seek confirmation and is similar to English expressions such as “right?” or “don’t you agree?”.
To reply to “Gobusata shite imasu,” “Kochira koso (Same here)” is used. In casual conversations among friends, simply repeat “Hisashiburi!” or “Hisashiburi ne”.
New Year’s Celebration
The New Year is the most important time of the year in Japan. (just like Christmas in the west).
At the end of the year:
Yoi otoshi o omukae kudasai.
Yoi otoshi o!
I wish you will have a good new year.
During New Year’s days (Jan.1st to 3rd), up to the middle of January:
Akemashite omedetou gozaimasu.
Happy New Year.
“Akemasu” literally means “to open”. “Kotoshi mo yoroshiku onegaishimasu (I look forward to our continued relationship over this year)” is often added after “Akemashite omedetou gozaimasu”. To reply, “Kochira koso” is used.